Diagnostic Laparoscopy

It is a procedure that allows a surgeon to look directly at the contents of the abdomen or pelvis and is done in the hospital as a day care surgery under general anaesthesia. A laparoscope which is like a telescope is inserted through a small incision at the umblicus. Direct vision of the outside of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and nearby organs can be done using this technique. This avoids an open surgery and has many benefits. There is less pain as compared to open abdominal surgery. Open surgery has larger incisions requiring longer hospital stay. Recovery from laparoscopic surgery generally is faster than recovery from open abdominal surgery. The risk of infection also is lower than with open surgery.

Situations where diagnostic laparoscopy is recommended

  1. Pelvic pain when other tests do not show any cause
  2. Infertility
  3. To confirm the diagnosis of endometriosis
  4. To check for fallopian tube patency
  5. Ectopic pregnancy
  6. Ovarian cysts

Along with making a diagnosis, treatment can also be done during the same surgery.

Diagnostic laparoscopy is done as a day care surgery and one need not stay overnight in the hospital. In cases of infertility it is often combined with a diagnostic hysteroscopy.

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